Department Cannot Refuse To Reinstate Officer After Arbitrator Determines Shooting Was Justified
Late last year the Oregon Court of Appeals upheld the reinstatement of a Portland Police Officer, rejecting the city’s attempt to negate an arbitrator’s order under the guise of “public policy.” The case Portland Police Ass’n v. City of Portland arose out of the 2010 shooting death of a man named Aaron Campbell by an Officer Frashour. While responding to a disturbance at Mr. Campbell’s house, Officer Frashour fatally wounded the man, mistakenly believing the decedent was reaching for a gun in his waistband.
Portland’s police chief fired the officer in response to the incident after determining Officer Frashour had violated the city’s physical and deadly force policies. The Portland Police Association grieved the termination and, after a 16 day hearing, an arbitrator found Officer Frashour’s actions to be reasonable and ordered his reinstatement to the force. Despite this exoneration, the city refused to reinstate the officer. At the union’s appeal to the Employment Relations Board, the City contended that the award was unenforceable under ORS 243.706(1), which reads, in relevant parts; “as a condition of enforceability, any arbitration award that orders the reinstatement of a public employee . . . shall comply with public policy requirements . . . including but not limited to policies respecting . . . unjustified and egregious use of physical or deadly force.” In short, it was Portland’s position that the arbitrator did not have the authority to reinstate an officer who had violated the city’s stated public policy goal of preventing the unnecessary use of force by police.
The Board rejected the city’s position, finding that, because the arbitrator determined Officer Frashour was not guilty of the conduct for which he was disciplined, the statute was inapplicable. The Court of Appeals agreed with the Board’s determination that the statute only applies when an arbitrator finds an officer violated the city’s use of force policy, but nonetheless elects to alter the employer’s disciplinary decision. Essentially, because the city agreed to resolve certain labor disputes through binding arbitration, it could not overturn the arbitrator’s findings of fact regarding just cause simply because it disagreed with the arbitrator. Ultimately, the Court of Appeals’ decision supports the sanctity of arbitrator’s findings and emphasizes to public employers that they cannot play judge, jury, and executioner when it comes to employee discipline.
The full text of the case can be read here: http://cases.justia.com/oregon/court-of-appeals/2015-a152657.pdf?ts=1451492107